After Hijrah (see Hijrah).
Rebellious people of Irum. Community to which Hood was sent.
Parties; Battle of Al-Ahzaab.
Religious scholar. Scientist. Knowledgeable person. Plural is `Ulama.
Praise be to God.
God, The God, The only God.
God is Great.
Idol of Idolatrous Arabia before Muhammad; claimed to be “daughter of God!”
Knoll near Mecca where pilgrims spend a day of commemorating God during Hajj or Umrah pilgrimage.
The helpers or allies. Inhabitants of Medina who were the first to embrace Islam. They offered help to the immigrants who fled Mecca (see Muhajireen).
Sign. Miracle. Verse.
Plural of Ayah.
Job, a messenger of God.
The call to Salat prayer.
Before Hijrah (see Hijrah)
Name of a place near Mecca. The first battle between Muhammad’s followers and the idolators.
First verse. Opening statement for every sura, except Sura 9.
In the name of God.
Angel responsible for carrying God’s messages and revelations to planet Earth.
The numerical values of the letters of the alphabet prior to the invention of numerals.
Narrations or utterances falsely attributed to Muhammad. Appeared 250 years after Muhammad’s death. 45:6 enjoins believers from upholding any Hadith besides the Quran.
Pilgrimage to Mecca during the Sacred Months (see Sacred Months)
Sacred. “Al-Masjid Al-Haram” is the Sacred Mosque of Mecca.
Immigration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina. Islamic Calendar began that year.
Lunar Calendar. Names and numbers of the months are:
3. Rabi` I.
4. Rabi` II.
5. Jumada I.
11. Zul Qi`dah.
6. Jumada II.
12. Zul Hijjah.
Messenger of God. Sent to `Aad.
Battle of Hunain; a place.
Religious leader. Leader.
In Shaa Allah
Gospel. Jesus’ scripture.
City where the community of `Aad lived, and to which Hood was sent.
Submission and devotion to God alone. The only religion acceptable to God (3:19).
27th night of Ramadan, 13 B.H. Night journey of Muhammad to the highest Heaven where the Quran was placed in his soul. See “Night of Power.”
Descendants of Satan. Invisible, constant companions of every human being from birth to death. When freed upon death of the human being, they become Jinns.
Friday. The Friday Congregational Prayer. Mandatory for all Muslim men and women every Friday noon.
A building in form of a cube. The cube-shaped shrine built by Abraham in Mecca. The point towards which Muslims face during their contact prayers (Salat).
Disbeliever. Heathen. Atheist.
La Elaha Ella Allah.
Islam’s creed: “There is no other god besides God.” The First Commandment in all scriptures.
(see Night of Power)
Maa Shaa Allah
This is God’s will.
Iol of idolatrous Arabia before Muhammad; claimed to be “daughter of God.”
Ancient community north of Sinai. Community of Shu’aib.
One who chants the Azan. Caller to the Salat prayer. Announcer.
Plural of Muhajir; immigrants who fled Mecca to Medina because of persecution.
Believers who got rid of all doubt; higher rank than “Muslim.”
Idol worshiper. Idolater. (See Shirk.)
One who decided to submit to God and uphold His commandments,
but he may still has doubts.
Prophet; a messenger of God who delivers a new scripture. Muhammad was the final Nabi, because he deliverd the final scripture.
Night of Power
Night of Destiny or Laylat Al-Qadr. 27th night of Ramadan, 13 B.H. Night during which the Quran was revealed. Muhammad was taken to the highest Heaven to receive the Quran.
Wealthy slave driver. A Hebrew traitor who served Pharaoh by enslaving his own people.
Direction Muslims face during their contact prayers (Salat).
One unit of contact prayer (Salat).
Messenger of God, or prophet, who may or may not deliver a new scripture (see Nabi). Every Nabi was a Rasoul, but not every Rasoul is a Nabi. See definitions in 3:81.
Messenger of God.
The 12th, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd months of the Islamic Calendar. Months during which Muslims observe Hajj.
Al-Masjid Al-Haraam. The great mosque in Mecca, where the Ka’bah is located.
Peace be unto you; greeting.
Daily contact prayers – dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, & night prayers.
Fasting; usually during the month of Ramadan. Abstaining from food, drink, and sex from dawn to sunset. Also silence vows.
Old man, or religious teacher, or head of the tribe.
Idolatry. Idol worship. Associating any other name with God’s name. Believing that any creatures possess any kind of power to benefit or harm.
God be glorified.
Subhanahu Wa Ta`aala
Glory be to the Most High.
Practices attributed falsely to the prophet Muhammad; practiced by those who idolize Muhammad against his will. In Quran, God forbids all Sunnas, except His Sunna.
of Midyan. Messenger of God.
Chapter in the Quran.
Dry, waterless, ablution.
Rebellious people of Saaleh.
Mountain near Medina. Battle of.
Religious scholars; plural of “`Alem.”
Pilgrimage to Mecca any time of the year, including the Sacred Months (see Hajj & Sacred Months).
Idol of idolatrous Arabia before Muhammad; claimed to be “daughter of God.”
Ancient name of Medina.
Obligatory charity; 2.5% of one’s net income that must be given upon receiving such income to needy people according to a specific distribution system.
The one with two horns. Messenger of God who helped confine Gog & Magog. Most probably Buddha.